Research Testing positive for Coronavirus does not mean being contagious A study conducted by researchers of the Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS and Università Cattolica has been published in JAMA Internal Medicine. The detection of the so-called viral replicative RNA is proposed by the authors as an indicator of the presence of vital and potentially transmissible viruses, but further studies will be needed to establish whether these patients can actually transmit the virus. During the follow-up (approximately 50 days after the diagnosis of COVID-19), the nasal-oropharyngeal samples of these patients were tested for the presence of both total (genomic) and replicative (subgenomic) viral RNA. «The presence of replicative RNAs in the samples was used as an indicator of ongoing viral replication. Only one of these, however, also tested positive for SARS CoV-2 replicative RNA. Samples obtained from patients at the time of the disease were reanalysed and, as expected, all tested positive for SARS CoV-2 replicative RNA», said Professor Sanguinetti. The only patient who tested positive for both total and replicative RNA became positive 16 days after recovery (and 39 days after the initial diagnosis of COVID-19) was an elderly patient with hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, who had a symptomatology compatible with COVID-19 at follow-up.“ This study confirms the usefulness of performing an accurate follow-up of recovered COVID-19 patients and reinforces the concept that reinfections in recovered COVID-19 patients are rare ‒ concluded Sanguinetti ‒although testing positive to the ‘conventional’ molecular test (which detects total SARS CoV-2 RNA). Therefore, research into SARS CoV-2 replicating RNA could help resolve the dilemma about the real infectivity of recovered COVID-19 patients who return positive for SARS CoV-2 RNA».
Research Children’s digital skills positively affect learning outcomes The ySKILLS project, which has published today two different reports, reveals that preference for online social interaction is positively associated with digital skills. Findings from a systematic analysis of the predictors and outcomes of digital skills in Europe The first report Digital Skills, Risks and Wellbeing among European Children , was authored by a team of researchers led by Giovanna Mascheroni and based at Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore and Masaryk University. Predictors of skills The most surprising finding of our analysis on the predictors of digital skills is that preference for online social interaction (POSI) – namely, feeling more confident and safer when communicating online rather than face-to-face – is positively associated with digital skills. A further significant predictor of digital skills – which received little attention in prior research – is feeling safe on the internet, which positively predicts digital skills in all countries but France, Italy, and Slovakia. It can be argued that the children feel safer online, engage in a wider range of online activities, which would support their acquisition of digital skills. The outcomes of digital skills Our analysis has shown that digital skills are positively associated with digital engagement, though different types of skills are conducive to different types of online opportunities. However, there is very little evidence on how different kinds of digital skills result in different strategies of coping with harm, and on the outcomes of digital skills on children’s wellbeing.
Ascolta "Bioplastics: How Biodegradable Are They?" su Spreaker. These materials are the result of research aimed at finding a sustainable alternative to plastics originating from fossil fuel sources » said Francesca Bandini , PhD student at the Doctoral School on the Agro-Food System and first author of the study. Bioplastics, i.e. plastics from renewable resources, can be degraded in the environment thanks to the action of microorganisms and, under certain conditions of time, temperature and humidity » . We evaluated biodegradability based on the weight loss of the bioplastics tested and the production of methane, verified the quality of the final compost through phytotoxicity tests on different seeds and, finally, developed physical-chemical tests to evaluate the thermal and structural characteristics of the materials before and after treatment » . What were the findings? Is bioplastics really biodegradable? « The results of the first analysis, which will require more in-depth validation in pilot plants, seem to confirm the lack of biodegradation of PLA under anaerobic conditions and the presence of still visible traces of PLA in the final compost. Starch-based bioplastics, on the other hand, were found to be totally biodegradable in an anaerobic environment and they do not affect the quality of the final compost, whose pH is actually close to neutrality » . Our next studies will involve new bioplastic products (such as disposable cutlery) in pilot plants and will assess the problem of cross-contamination between traditional plastics of fossil origin and those of biological origin, which are chemically very different materials and intended for processes that should be well separated » .
Research Podcasts and Linkedin, Unicatt research speaks to the world We present our new channels of communication to raise awareness of the University’s extensive and thorough scientific production. Content will be available online, on social networks and on audio media services, namely Spreaker and Spotify by Emanuela Gazzotti | 24 settembre 2020 "The Universality of Knowledge and the Centrality of the Person". The second mission of Università Cattolica, that focuses on the person and on knowledge in all disciplinary areas, now has a dedicated place for dissemination: our new website for Research in English , the language used by researchers from all over the world. The news published in English, identical to the ones on the Italian site, recounts the value that the University attaches to the development of knowledge and its affirmation in the social, cultural and scientific reality both nationally and internationally. Moreover, another great feature is the section within PodCatt , the platform that collects the audio contributions promoted by the University, has the same name of #cattolicathinks and tells about the studies carried out through the voice of the teachers. The University's commitment to the implementation of this multifaceted project in English was born out of the need to communicate the huge heritage made up, both in qualitative and quantitative terms, of the scientific content produced by the researchers of the twelve faculties of Università Cattolica. Ascolta "Vita degli studenti universitari al tempo del Covid" su Spreaker.
Investments of 100 billion (compared to 77 in Horizon 2020) have been predicted for the next seven years by the European Commission - as confirmed in a conference call with Patrizia Toia , vice-president of the Industry, Research and Energy Commission of the European Parliament - to fund the three pillars of the programme. A cooperative approach is needed to focus the objectives on Horizon's three pillars in order for resources to be applied appropriately» concluded the MEP. One of the most innovative pillars which was discussed at Università Cattolica is Mission-oriented research . Research missions represent a new way of conceiving, designing, implementing, monitoring and evaluating specific challenges related to priority clusters and also a way of trying to communicate projects to the general public. A challenge that, in the last five years, Università Cattolica has partaken in by increasing participation in projects financed under Horizon 2020, achieving a success rate of 12.66% in 2018, higher than the national success rate that stands at 11.9%. According to Professor Giorgio Rossi , Italian member of the Governing Board of the European Open Science Cloud (Eosc), «Italy invests in excellent research infrastructures and manages them in the fields of physics, solid earth geophysics, atmospheric physics and research in the social sector». The missions can profit from research infrastructures to carry out intrinsically multidisciplinary research on complex issues that require secure scientific data», as in the case of adaptation to climate change and its impact on society. The conclusions were discussed in a second plenary session, coordinated by Laura Zanfrini, which synopsised the results from the stakeholders, vital to Mission Board representatives in the drafting of the 2021-2027 European research agenda.
Research No more secrets at Lake Garda Finished the bathymetric exploration of the seabed started in 2018 and carried out by the Italian Navy together with the Faculty of Mathematical Sciences. Data and images to better protect the lake ecosystem are now available to scholars and researchers by Antonella Olivari | 04 novembre 2020 The bathymetric exploration of the seabed started in 2018 and carried out by the Italian Navy and the Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences has recently concluded. It took almost one hundred days to explore, record, photograph and collect materials from all over Lake Garda. Now the largest lake in Italy has a bathymetry of its seabed - unprecedented for the quality and detail of the images - which will provide greater navigation safety and address the problems related to climate change and greater protection of this lake ecosystem. Some of these details will also be used to reconstruct accurately the geological history of Lake Garda's formation; this can be evident in the images, for example, the fault between Sirmione and Punta San Vigilio. Before leaving Lake Garda, the mission, led by Sub-Lieutenant Roberto Aleo , was joined by Rear Admiral Massimiliano Nannini , in charge of the Hydrographic Institute of Genoa since a few months, who met in Lazise the Dean Professor Maurizio Paolini and Professor Alfredo Marzocchi . This data will make it possible to carry out an accurate simulation of the movement of the waters of the Lake Garda basin, influenced by the medium/high mountains or moraines that surround it, by the temperature, pressure and humidity of the air.
Professional influencers are mentioned as points of reference by 17% of the sample with a wide gap compared to experts and friends, a percentage that drops to 13% among the over-20s. This is one of the main conclusions emerging from the latest analysis of the Opinion leader 4 future three-yearly research aimed at studying the relevance and role of new opinion leaders in the communication and information field. The project is promoted by Almed (Graduate School of Media, Communications and Performing Arts) of Università Cattolica in collaboration with Credem Group . Finally, one of the strengths of professional influencers, who are active on social issues, seems to be not so much their ability to express skills and opinions on specific issues, but rather their ability to act as filters and translators of information flows. A precious cross-section, not only to understand the Generation, but also to prefigure future dynamics and scenarios» ‒ Mariagrazia Fanchi , Director of Almed at Università Cattolica said. The Chairman of the Credem Group, Lucio Igino Zanon di Valgiurata , also stressed the value of the research, which shows «first of all how young people are attentive to new dynamics, but at the same time how they are able to read tradition and project themselves into the future. However, offline channels surprisingly keep a wide relevance for 72% of the respondents, close to online ones, and in first place they see TV as the main information channel, followed by word of mouth and family ties.
More than 14 thousand students participated in the research, which shows that young university students, while having appreciated the delivery of teachings remotely during the lockdown, prefer to return to the classroom and live lessons. Not only is this data an empirical evidence shown by the research Life of University Students at the Time of COVID-19 , promoted by some researchers from several Italian universities, but it also indicates the students’ hope to be able to return to experience live their studies and relationships. of respondents are first-year students, so the data are particularly useful to deepen the orientation of students who will continue their studies in the coming years: 91.5%, in fact, think that they will continue their studies at UniCatt. of the students had attended face-to-face lessons during the first semester before the lockdown, likewise a similar number continued their study commitments in remote mode (95%). Despite a clear preference for face-to-face teaching, UniCatt students who participated in the research appreciated the courses and teachings offered in remote mode. The predilection for physically attending lessons and exams remains unchanged: 52.1% of students, in fact, would like to exclusively return to face-to-face teaching in the future. Non-resident and working students confirm the importance given to the real experience of living in university classrooms, meeting course colleagues, exchanging opinions and personally discussing with teachers.
These are the key concepts of the multidisciplinary research Migrations and Religious Beliefs that has involved about thirty researchers – including sociologists, philosophers, psychologists, jurists, political scientists, theologians – over a three-year period. This work intends to reestablish the right emphasis onthe spiritual dimension in the understanding and governance of human mobility and interethnic coexistence. The research was presented on Friday, the 25th of September during the conference “The religion of the migrant as a challenge for society and the church” , promoted by Università Cattolica together with the Italian Bishops’ Conference (CEI). Ascolta "Migrants and religious identity" su Spreaker. In order to develop the positive potential of religion, the researchers identify certain conditions that call into question the responsibility of the government authorities, the reception system, the school and the religious organisations themselves. The religion of migrants is a challenge for the heterogeneous and globalized contemporary society. research #migrants #religion Facebook Twitter Send by mail Print.
Research Work-life balance, corporate welfare gets into the picture The first two phases of the health emergency introduced the formula of working from home with advantages and disadvantages. How can work and relationships be reconciled in the times of Covid-19? From phase 1 to phase 2 of the pandemic, a multidisciplinary team of researchers from the University Centre for Family Studies and Research investigated the data emerging from 446 participants in the study. For 71.3% of these parents, the decisions taken by the Government took little (or no) account of the different needs of families, providing support suitable for different situations, and 68.7% believe that the decisions taken by the Government did not help families find a balance. After the first emergency phase in phase 2, and despite the resumption of activities, the organisational management of families with minor children and/or caregivers was problematic and was added to the threat to their health and economic uncertainty. In those companies that have activated psychological and income support initiatives, insurance coverage, parent and caregiver support initiatives, workers have reported higher levels of performance and job satisfaction, identification with the company and lower levels of stress. "Several companies are already carrying out welfare initiatives for reconciliation: for example, teachers who provide online support to the children of the employees; call centres who help those with dependent family members to take advantage of tax relief, to find nurses and carers" ‒ said Claudia Manzi , research project coordinator. This working method has been welcomed by the majority of the interviewees: more than 1 worker out of 2 reports to be very or very happy about working from home, a win-win solution, perceived as advantageous for both parties, workers and companies.